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Research Methods // AP Psychology

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  1. Which of the following is considered a disadvantage of naturalistic observation?
  2. All of the following are ethical guidelines psychologists must follow in their experimental research except:
  3. The most distinctive characteristic of the experimental method is that it
  4. Of the following scores which would have the highest standard deviation?
  5. A psychologist observes the confrontation between two rival neighborhood gangs from the window of an abandoned building. This method of collecting observations is best described as:
  6. Which of the following coefficients of correlation indicates the strongest relationship between two sets of variables?
  7. The chief function of the control group in an experiment is that it:
  8. To prevent ethical abuse in psychological research, the APA (American Psychological Association) has suggest that:
  9. A major disadvantage of the experimental method is that
  10. Several weeks after a political election, voters often exaggerate their ability to have predicted the election outcome. This best illustrates:
  11. A statistical measure that indicates the extent to which changes in one factor are accompanied by changes in another is called (n):
  12. If psychologists discovered that intelligent parents have smarter children than unintelligent parents, this would demonstrate that:
  13. In an effort to prevent participants in an experiment from trying to confirm the researchers' predictions, psychologists sometimes:
  14. Empirical investigation is:
  15. To determine how varied a set of data is around the mean, what would be the best measure analysis to use?
  16. Which one of the following correlations shows the strongest relationship between two variables:
  17. In which type of research does the scientist have the most control over variables that might affect the outcome of the study?
  18. Which types of research study would best be used to determine how aggressive children are while playing at a schoolyard during recess?
  19. A psychology teacher wants to determine whether computer-aided learning will produce higher standardized test scores than a usual lecture format. In this example, the independent variable is the:
  20. Random assignment means that
  21. Keeping subjects uninformed about the purpose of a study makes them
  22. Martha is an undergraduate student who is interested in pursuing a career in psychology. She wants to use her knowledge of psychology to help employees become more productive in the workplace. Which field of psychology should Martha select in graduate school?
  23. Which of the following studies demonstrates a cross-sectional research design?
  24. A researcher randomly assigned boys and girls to each of two groups. One group watched a violent television program while the other group watched a nonviolent program. The children were then observed during a period of free play, and the incidence of aggressive behavior was recorded for each group. What is the independent variable in this study?
  25. A researcher randomly assigned boys and girls to each of two groups. One group watched a violent television program while the other group watched a nonviolent program. The children were then observed during a period of free play, and the incidence of aggressive behavior was recorded for each group. This research method is best characterized as
  26. Dr. Thomas is interested in studying teenage behavior. His current experiment is interested in looking at the impact that sleep has on self esteem. He randomly selects 50 teenagers to participate in his study and randomly puts 25 in a sleep condition and puts the other 25 randomly in the non-sleep condition. An operational definition of the independent variable in this experiment could be:
  27. When the mean is distorted by a few extremely high scores making it greater than the median, the mean is referred to as being:
  28. When hypothesis that is incorrectly rejected in an experiment (false negative) refers to a:
  29. The mean score on a test will be GREATER than the median score if:
  30. Dr. Thomas is interested in studying teenage behavior. His current experiment is interested in looking at the impact that sleep has on self esteem. He randomly selects 50 teenagers to participate in his study and randomly puts 25 in a sleep condition and puts the other 25 randomly in the non-sleep condition. Dr. Thomas\'s assignment is illustrated when he:
  31. Unlike a normal curve where most participants score near the middle of the curve, in a curve that contains a positive skew the scores will:
  32. A student hypothesizes those high school students consuming different flavors of a drink before a spelling test will perform differently. A study to test the hypothesis finds that with a bitter drink, performance is best 6 hours after drinking it, whereas with a sweet drink, performance is better 1 hour after drinking it.Which of the following is the dependent variable?
  33. A researcher asks elementary, junior high, senior high, and college students to define the term 'cheating,' and analyzes differences in their definitions across age groups. This is an example of which type of study?
  34. Which of the following would be used to measure the relationship between age and reaction time?
  35. Publishing the names of research participants to the general public would violate what ethical guideline?