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Research Methods // AP Psychology

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  1. The best way to gather the views and attitudes of atheists, Christians, and Muslims on abortion would be to conduct a(n):
  2. A psychologist observes the confrontation between two rival neighborhood gangs from the window of an abandoned building. This method of collecting observations is best described as:
  3. Students who score higher on college entrance exams tend to have higher grades in college. This is an example of a:
  4. The chief function of the control group in an experiment is that it:
  5. In experimental psychology, a significant difference
  6. To prevent ethical abuse in psychological research, the APA (American Psychological Association) has suggest that:
  7. We wish to test the hypothesis that music improves learning. We compare test scores of students who study music with those who study in silence. Which of the following is a confounding variable in this experiment?
  8. Several weeks after a political election, voters often exaggerate their ability to have predicted the election outcome. This best illustrates:
  9. Professor Saxton was very skeptical about the findings of a recently reported experiment on the effects of sleep deprivation. Which technique would best enable her to investigate the RELIABILITY of these findings?
  10. A statistical measure that indicates the extent to which changes in one factor are accompanied by changes in another is called (n):
  11. In a study of the effects of alcohol consumption, some participants drank a nonalcoholic beverage that actually smelled and tasted alcoholic. This nonalcoholic drink was a
  12. Researchers and subjects in a drug-evaluation study are both ignorant about which subjects have actually received an experimental drug and which were given a placebo. This investigation involves the use of:
  13. Psychologists study animals because:
  14. Empirical investigation is:
  15. Random assignment of subjects to different experimental conditions is a method for controlling differences that may exist between:
  16. Gina wants to conduct a study of discrimination based on looks in hiring practices. Gina selects candidates with equivalent qualifications, one extremely attractive and the other of average attractiveness. She sends them to interview for the same job. The operational definition of the dependent variable in Gina's experiment is:
  17. If people tend to wear more layers of clothing as the weather gets colder, we would expect _________ between the variables of temperature and amount of clothing.
  18. A scientist who is skeptical about a particular study can decide to repeat that study in their own laboratory since studies operationally define their variables for easy reproduction. This would represent _________ the original research study.
  19. If you could measure height of each student in your introductory psychology class and the amount of money that each person has in their pockets right now, you would expect to find:
  20. If a study finds that there is a negative correlation between exercise and blood pressure, this would most likely indicate that:
  21. A subject who is exposed to the special treatment is said to be in the________ condition.
  22. Respondents to surveys and questionnaires often report that they are healthier, happier, and less prejudiced than would be expected based on the results of other types of research. This finding can best be explained by which of the following?
  23. Set A's data include 60, 56, 58, 62, 61, 59 while Set B's data includes 60, 41, 76, 35, 65, 50. Which of the following is true of the two sets of scores above?
  24. A researcher randomly assigned boys and girls to each of two groups. One group watched a violent television program while the other group watched a nonviolent program. The children were then observed during a period of free play, and the incidence of aggressive behavior was recorded for each group. What is the dependent variable in this study?
  25. Dr. Thomas is interested in studying teenage behavior. His current experiment is interested in looking at the impact that sleep has on self esteem. He randomly selects 50 teenagers to participate in his study and randomly puts 25 in a sleep condition and puts the other 25 randomly in the non-sleep condition. Dr. Thomas's population is:
  26. Dr. Thomas is interested in studying teenage behavior. His current experiment is interested in looking at the impact that sleep has on self esteem. He randomly selects 50 teenagers to participate in his study and randomly puts 25 in a sleep condition and puts the other 25 randomly in the non-sleep condition. An operational definition of the dependent variable in this experiment could be:
  27. Dr. Thomas is interested in studying teenage behavior. His current experiment is interested in looking at the impact that sleep has on self esteem. He randomly selects 50 teenagers to participate in his study and randomly puts 25 in a sleep condition and puts the other 25 randomly in the non-sleep condition. A potential confounding variable in this experiment would be if:
  28. When the mean is distorted by a few extremely high scores making it greater than the median, the mean is referred to as being:
  29. A researcher studying the effect of noise level on concentration randomly assigns student participants to either a noisy room or a quiet room to take a problem- solving test. The researcher subsequently compares the two groups� test scores and concludes that the p -value= .05. The researcher�s conclusion that p = .05 most likely indicates
  30. Which of the following is not true about a negative correlation between two variables?
  31. Dr. Thomas is interested in studying teenage behavior. His current experiment is interested in looking at the impact that sleep has on self esteem. He randomly selects 50 teenagers to participate in his study and randomly puts 25 in a sleep condition and puts the other 25 randomly in the non-sleep condition. Dr. Thomas\'s population is:
  32. Unlike a normal curve where most participants score near the middle of the curve, in a curve that contains a positive skew the scores will:
  33. A student hypothesizes those high school students consuming different flavors of a drink before a spelling test will perform differently. A study to test the hypothesis finds that with a bitter drink, performance is best 6 hours after drinking it, whereas with a sweet drink, performance is better 1 hour after drinking it.An interaction between variables complicates the researcher's explanation of findings. Which of the following are most likely involved in this interaction?
  34. Which of the following sets of scores has the greatest standard deviation?
  35. Publishing the names of research participants to the general public would violate what ethical guideline?