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People // AP Psychology

Correctly answer 80% ( 28 of 35 questions)

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  1. John sees a bear running at him in the woods and thinks "Oh my god, Im about to die!" as his heart beats quickly. He is now experiencing the emotion of fear. This is best explained by:
  2. B.F. Skinner and Noam Chomsky had two very different theories of how humans acquired language. Skinner explained language acquisition using ___________________ terminology, while Chomsky explained language acquisition using __________ terminology.
  3. Paul Ekman�s research most closely aligned with:
  4. Which of the following stages were theorized by Elizabeth Kubler-Ross:
  5. John Locke�s concept of a �tabla-rasa� (blank slate) most clearly aligned with the _________________ approach�s view of human nature.
  6. Charles Darwin ideas were most clearly influential to:
  7. Paul Broca discovered an area in the left frontal lobe responsible for:
  8. In his work on split brain research, Roger Sperry noticed the right brain�s superiority at:
  9. Yerkes and Dodson believed that most tasks were completed best with a _____________ level of arousal.
  10. Yerkes and Dodson believed that well learned/effort based tasks were completed best with a ________________ level of arousal.
  11. Yerkes and Dodson believed that unlearned/difficult tasks were completed best with a _________________ level of arousal.
  12. _________________________ was a Developmental and Psychoanalytic theorist that argued individuals go through series of psychosocial stages where they encounter conflicts. Ex: trust vs. mistrust (infancy and feeding), autonomy vs. shame and doubt (toddler and toilet training), intiative vs. guilt (preschool and independence), industry vs. inferiority (school age and schooling comparison), identity vs. role confusion (adolescence and who am I), intimacy vs. isolation (young adult and romantic relationships), generativity vs. stagnation (mid adult and parenting), and integrity vs. despair (late adult and acceptance of one's life.
  13. ________________________conducted the Strange Situation Experiment to test children's ATTACHMENT to caregiver in a novel setting (scientific lab). Researcher measured amount of exploration while mother was there and reaction when mother left and returned. Securely attached children explored, were upset when their mother left, and were happy to see their mothers return. Insecure attached children were anxious to explore and angry when mom returns.
  14. Pioneered client-centered therapy including ideas of unconditional positive regard and active listening.
  15. Developed test to identify French school children with special needs.
  16. Believed cognition developed in children in distinct stages: Sensorimotor, Preoperational, Concrete Operational, Formal Operational.
  17. Is a Neo-Freudian; theorized collective unconscious existed across cultures and there were a wide variety of archetypes (common symbolism) across the world.
  18. His theory helped explain the difference threshold. He stated that in order to tell the difference between two items, they had to differ by a constant proportion. Example: weight had to differ by 2%, light intensity 8%, etc.
  19. Discovered the �hidden observer� (part of consciousness that you were unaware of while hypnotized) in his support of the dissociation view of hypnosis.
  20. Widely considered the father of behaviorism; Conducted the Little Albert Study
  21. Wrote Principles of Psychology, the earliest psychology text. Was also known for advocating school of thought known as functionalism.
  22. Ran into ethical concerns while conducting his experiment on the power of obedience to authority since many argued it psychologically damaged its participants.
  23. Conducted the cognitive dissonance studies which showed that people who were paid LESS money were more likely to experience discomfort for completing a boring task.
  24. ______________________________ broadened the theory of intelligence by arguing there were 8 or more intelligences included interpersonal, mathematical, intrapersonal, visual-spatial, bodily-kinesthetic, linguistic, etc.
  25. Hans Selye's general adaptation syndrome contains the following stages:
  26. B.F. Skinner:
  27. Abraham Maslow and Carl Rogers:
  28. Carl Broca:
  29. E.L. Thorndikes "Law of Effect":
  30. Classical Conditioning of fear was most clearly seen in:
  31. The fact that learning is biologically constrained (meaning we are predisposed to learn certain associations easier than others) was highlighted by ______________________'s research on taste aversion
  32. Darwin's theory has had the most influence in explaining which of the following findings:
  33. Argued females were not morally inferior to males they just reasoned differently. She argued at the post-conventional stage males tend to focus on rational abstract principles, whereas the moral reasoning of females is based on relationships and the social context
  34. ___________________'s experiment randomly selected group of students that were described as �learning disabled� to teachers (were not necessarily disabled) and �gifted� to teachers (were not necessarily gifted). Experiment showed that those labeled disabled performed worse than those labeled gifted because of the expectations of the teachers. Label of �disabled� and �gifted� caused teacher to act differently toward those students and help fulfill prophecy.
  35. The classical conditioning model that argued that conditioning was most effective when the conditioned stimuli reliably predicted the unconditioned stimuli was proposed by: