Return to test selector

Cognition // AP Psychology

Correctly answer 80% ( 28 of 35 questions)

Name:
You will have 45 minutes to complete the test below.
35 random questions have been selected to test your know knowledge in Cognition.
If you leave this page, you will receive a new random set of 35 questions.
  1. Having been told that Syd is an engineer and Fran is an elementary school teacher, when Arnold meets the couple for the first time, he assumes that Syd is the husband and Fran is the wife, rather than the opposite, which is the case. This best illustrates:
  2. Cognitive psychologists are most directly concerned with the study of:
  3. Cognitive theorists emphasize the
  4. Noam Chomsky's view of language proposes that
  5. A prototype is best defined as
  6. A teacher asks students to think of as many uses for a brick as possible. By listing 50 uses, most of which the class finds new and unusual, Susan is displaying
  7. Basic speech SOUNDS are called
  8. The two most basic units of speech are
  9. The fact that "Dog bites man" has a very different meaning from "Man bites dog" demonstrates the importance of
  10. Thought that involves going from general principles to specific situations is called __________ reasoning. (All men are human, Tom is a man, therefore Tom is a human).
  11. __________ thinking goes from specific facts to general principles. (This pencil has an eraser therefore most pencils have erasers).
  12. Noam Chomsky believed that language was
  13. An algorithm would not be the best strategy when trying tO
  14. What is true about confirmation bias?
  15. The most representative example of a category is called a(n)
  16. A person who uses a drop of super glue to seal a paper cut on their finger has overcome the obstacle to effective problem solving related to
  17. If Ellie who is 21/2 years old says, 'Cookie me now,' she is demonstrating
  18. After the outcome is known, people often have distorted thinking about their original expectation due to
  19. A(n) ________ is a step by step solution to a problem that is likely to be successful,
  20. _________ bias refers to a situation in which people ignore or overlook information that disagrees with their beliefs.
  21. Some people believe that psychology is all 'common sense' and that we already knew most of what research tells us about human nature. In reality we cannot make assumptions about human nature without doing research and collecting good data. The false belief that we already knew what psychology tells us is known as _______
  22. When asked which of two countries has a larger population, participants are likely to judge the country that is more familiar to them as being more populous. Which of the following best explains this finding?
  23. A child saying: "My mommy goed to the beauty salon" instead of the correct grammar of "My mommy went to the beauty salon" is an example of what Chomskian concept:
  24. B.F. Skinner and Noam Chomsky had two very different theories of how humans acquired language. Skinner explained language acquisition using ___________________ terminology, while Chomsky explained language acquisition using __________ terminology.
  25. Skinner's ideas that the skills needed for language acquisition were mostly the result of learned experiences from the environment largely illustrates the influence of:
  26. The overjustification effect refers to:
  27. Miss Jan De Jong is orderly, neat, fairly quiet, and shy. She enjoys reading in her spare time and belongs to a social club that includes three librarians, nine real estate agents, and eight social workers. A tendency to conclude that Jan must be one of the three librarians would illustrate the powerful influence of:
  28. People often fail to make accurate generalizations because they are unduly influenced by ________ cases.
  29. On Monday, the meteorologist forecast a 20 percent chance of rain, so Sheryl took her umbrella to work. On Friday, he reported an 80 percent chance that it would not rain, so Sheryl left her umbrella at home. Sheryl\'s behavior illustrates:
  30. The indelible memories of the 9/11 terrorist tragedy unduly inflated many people\'s estimates of the risks associated with air travel. This best illustrates the importance of:
  31. The practice of solving problems by using a mental shortcut is an example of
  32. Language acquisition cannot be fully accounted for by associative learning processes for which of the following reasons?
  33. According to Chomsky, the meaning of language can be found in the _______________ structure of a sentence.
  34. The part of the brain most clearly involved in the creation of classically conditioned responses would be the _______________________________.
  35. The tendency for humans to believe vague generalities about their personality through unscientific personality inventories and horoscopes most clearly relates to: