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Cognition // AP Psychology

Correctly answer 80% ( 28 of 35 questions)

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  1. Having been told that Syd is an engineer and Fran is an elementary school teacher, when Arnold meets the couple for the first time, he assumes that Syd is the husband and Fran is the wife, rather than the opposite, which is the case. This best illustrates:
  2. Metacognition refers to
  3. Wolfgang Kohler considered a chimpanzee's sudden solving of a problem evidence of
  4. A teacher asks students to think of as many uses for a brick as possible. By listing 50 uses, most of which the class finds new and unusual, Susan is displaying
  5. A word or part of a word that is in itself meaningful, but that cannot be broken into smaller meaningful units, is called a
  6. The inability to see new uses for familiar objects is termed
  7. Which of the following is usually associated with creativity?
  8. A truck gets stuck under a bridge. Several tow-trucks are unable to pull it out. At last a little boy walks up and asks the red-faced adults trying to free the truck why they haven't let the air out of the truck's tires. Their oversight was due to
  9. The solution to most arithmetic problems requires
  10. A person is asked to decide on a major in school; another is asked to decide on a career. We may say that the different answers they give to broad and specific questions are because of
  11. The two most basic units of speech are
  12. Psychologist Wolfgang Kohler believed that the solution of a multiple-stick problem in chimpanzees revealed
  13. The fact that "Dog bites man" has a very different meaning from "Man bites dog" demonstrates the importance of
  14. Sheila is collecting information for a survey. She believes that individual on public aid have a tendency to take advantage of the money they receive from the government. As Sheila collects her data, she dismisses the information regarding hard working individuals on public aid and focuses on the information that suggests that people are taking advantage. Sheila is demonstrating the
  15. Heuristic strategies show that our thinking is often based on
  16. Noam Chomsky believed that language was
  17. An algorithm would not be the best strategy when trying tO
  18. What is true about confirmation bias?
  19. The most representative example of a category is called a(n)
  20. Usually about 500 people attend the annual exquisite Irish food festival. This year however about 5000 people have attended because the word has spread that the boiled cabbage last year was 'out of this world.' Kelly who is organizing the event knows that there is usually 500 people there, while she knows more people are in attendance she estimates the crowd to be about 1000 people. She is probably underestimating the crowd due to
  21. If Ellie who is 21/2 years old says, 'Cookie me now,' she is demonstrating
  22. After the outcome is known, people often have distorted thinking about their original expectation due to
  23. Questions with multiple solutions such as 'how many uses are there for a vase?' require:
  24. _________ bias refers to a situation in which people ignore or overlook information that disagrees with their beliefs.
  25. Which of the following provides evidence to support the idea of a Language Acquisition Device (LAD)?
  26. What is the problem with many foreign language programs currently offered in U.S. schools?
  27. Some people believe that psychology is all 'common sense' and that we already knew most of what research tells us about human nature. In reality we cannot make assumptions about human nature without doing research and collecting good data. The false belief that we already knew what psychology tells us is known as _______
  28. When trying to solve a problem, Bret uses. a logical, step-by-step formula called
  29. When the word 'walk' is changed to 'walked,' the suffix 'ed' is an example of a
  30. Brainstorming about a variety of ways to solve a problem involves:
  31. Miss Jan De Jong is orderly, neat, fairly quiet, and shy. She enjoys reading in her spare time and belongs to a social club that includes three librarians, nine real estate agents, and eight social workers. A tendency to conclude that Jan must be one of the three librarians would illustrate the powerful influence of:
  32. The indelible memories of the 9/11 terrorist tragedy unduly inflated many people\'s estimates of the risks associated with air travel. This best illustrates the importance of:
  33. A chess-playing computer program that routinely calculates all possible outcomes of all possible game moves best illustrates problem solving by means of:
  34. The practice of solving problems by using a mental shortcut is an example of
  35. The two sentences "John solved the calculus problem" and "The calculus problem was solved by John" each contain the same __________________ structure.