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Cognition // AP Psychology

Correctly answer 80% ( 28 of 35 questions)

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35 random questions have been selected to test your know knowledge in Cognition.
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  1. Metacognition refers to
  2. Cognitive theorists emphasize the
  3. A teacher asks students to think of as many uses for a brick as possible. By listing 50 uses, most of which the class finds new and unusual, Susan is displaying
  4. Basic speech SOUNDS are called
  5. The rules for ordering words in sentences are called
  6. The solution to most arithmetic problems requires
  7. Psychologist Wolfgang Kohler believed that the solution of a multiple-stick problem in chimpanzees revealed
  8. Thought that involves going from general principles to specific situations is called __________ reasoning. (All men are human, Tom is a man, therefore Tom is a human).
  9. A tendency to select wrong answers because they seem to match pre-existing mental categories is called
  10. __________ thinking goes from specific facts to general principles. (This pencil has an eraser therefore most pencils have erasers).
  11. __________ is the study of the meaning of words and language
  12. Sheila is collecting information for a survey. She believes that individual on public aid have a tendency to take advantage of the money they receive from the government. As Sheila collects her data, she dismisses the information regarding hard working individuals on public aid and focuses on the information that suggests that people are taking advantage. Sheila is demonstrating the
  13. Heuristic strategies show that our thinking is often based on
  14. Which of the following brain areas is primarily concerned with speech production?
  15. _________ are clusters of knowledge that provide general conceptual frameworks regarding certain topics, events, and situations.
  16. Noam Chomsky believes that all children are born
  17. An algorithm would not be the best strategy when trying tO
  18. A heuristic is BEST described as a
  19. A person who uses a drop of super glue to seal a paper cut on their finger has overcome the obstacle to effective problem solving related to
  20. Usually about 500 people attend the annual exquisite Irish food festival. This year however about 5000 people have attended because the word has spread that the boiled cabbage last year was 'out of this world.' Kelly who is organizing the event knows that there is usually 500 people there, while she knows more people are in attendance she estimates the crowd to be about 1000 people. She is probably underestimating the crowd due to
  21. Questions with multiple solutions such as 'how many uses are there for a vase?' require:
  22. Consider the following concept hierarchy: food, desserts, chocolates, ________. The last term should be
  23. When asked which of two countries has a larger population, participants are likely to judge the country that is more familiar to them as being more populous. Which of the following best explains this finding?
  24. When the word 'walk' is changed to 'walked,' the suffix 'ed' is an example of a
  25. Brainstorming about a variety of ways to solve a problem involves:
  26. Stereotypes are mental conceptions that can strongly influence the way we interpret the behaviors of individuals belonging to specific racial or ethnic groups. A stereotype is most similar to a:
  27. People often fail to make accurate generalizations because they are unduly influenced by ________ cases.
  28. The use of heuristics rather than algorithms is most likely to:
  29. A chess-playing computer program that routinely calculates all possible outcomes of all possible game moves best illustrates problem solving by means of:
  30. A student who strongly believes that genetic influence is the major contributor to human personality is analyzing data gathered about identical twins who had been separated at birth and reunited in adulthood. The student observes many striking similarities in personality and habits within the twin pairs but does not notice differences within the twin pairs that might argue against the student�s belief. This student�s behavior illustrates which of the following?
  31. A schema can be described as
  32. The practice of solving problems by using a mental shortcut is an example of
  33. Which of the following do individuals experience when their behavior is inconsistent with their attitude?
  34. According to Chomsky, the meaning of language can be found in the _______________ structure of a sentence.
  35. The phonetical layout of a sentence is referred to as the ________________ structure of language