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Learning // AP Psychology

Correctly answer 80% ( 28 of 35 questions)

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  1. John loves to fish. He puts his line in the water and leaves it there until he feels a tug at unpredictable times. On what reinforcement schedule is he rewarded?
  2. Chimpanzees given tokens for performing tricks were able to put the tokens in vending machines to get grapes. The tokens acted as
  3. Which of the following best reflects negative reinforcement?
  4. Punishment is most effective in extinguishing an undesired behavior when the
  5. An individual's fear of dogs that is lost as the individual is exposed to dogs in nonthreatening situations is referred to by behaviorists as
  6. Operant conditioning is most closely associated with:
  7. Which of the following responses as most likely acquired through classical conditioning?
  8. Because studies of learning show that events occurring close together in time are easier to associate than those occurring at widely different times, parents should probably avoid which of the following?
  9. In Ivan Pavlov's experiments in classical conditioning, the dog's salivation was
  10. In __________ reinforcement, the reinforcer follows every correct response.
  11. The presentation of an aversive stimulus or the removal of a positive stimulus that discourages a behavior from occurring again are both examples of
  12. If a conditioned behavior is completed many times without reinforcement, we can expect
  13. A child has learned to avoid a furry, black cat. However, she still plays with her grandmother's short-haired tabby. Her response demonstrates
  14. In Pavlov's experiments with dogs, food was the
  15. If you salivate when your mother tells you about the lemon cake she is baking, we can attribute your reaction to
  16. B.F. Skinner was a radical behaviorist who refused to
  17. Which one of the following is a conditioned reinforcer for most people?
  18. One of Pavlov's dogs had stopped salivating at the sound of the tone. The next day the tone was presented again and the dog began salivating. Pavlov referred to this as
  19. Negative and positive reinforcers are similar in that these always _________ the likeithood of ensuing responses.
  20. A telemarketer who gets paid $1 for each magazine subscriptions he sells is working according to a _________ schedule of reinforcement.variable interval
  21. Merideth is an expert of wine. In a fine restaurant she orders a glass of Santa Margarita's Pino Grigio. When the wine comes out she tastes it and correctly claims that she received Mezzacorona's Pinot Grigio instead. Merideth is demonstrating
  22. The descriptors 'positive' and 'negative,' when used in reference to reinforcers, are synonyms for
  23. A(n) ________ refers to the behavior elicited by the unconditioned stimulus.
  24. ________ reported that watching violent behaviors makes children more likely to behave violently?
  25. If you use money to buy ham the money is a _______, while the food is a ________.
  26. Much of B.F Skinner's early work was inspired by the Law of Effect which was created by
  27. Operant Conditioning explains how new behaviors can be learned while Classical Conditioning refers only to _________ behaviors.
  28. The best strategy to teach an organism a new response quickly is to use
  29. In a classic study, a group of rats learned to go through a maze to obtain food, and another group of rats explored the maze without receiving food. Some time later, the researcher compared the two groups of rats to determine if both groups would find the food at the end of the maze. According to the researcher, the untrained rats found the food at the end of the maze as quickly as the trained rats as a result of
  30. Your dog has learned that it will not get a treat when it whines since you never reward the behavior anymore like you used to. Now you just ignore the whining. What behaviorist principle are you using?
  31. Superstitious behaviors (Ex: wearing a "lucky" hat when going out on a date, using a "lucky" pen for all tests) are most likely to occur when:
  32. The overjustification effect refers to:
  33. John B. Watson was a pioneer in which of the following perspectives of psychology?
  34. After seeing her parents give her brother a dollar for cleaning his room, Sarah begins cleaning her own room. According to social-learning theorists, Sarah�s behavior is an example of which of the following?
  35. Sometimes the most effective way to stop another person from repeating an annoying behavior is to ignore them and not give them any attention or reinforcement. This technique takes advantage of what operant principle?