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Learning // AP Psychology

Correctly answer 80% ( 28 of 35 questions)

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  1. Shaping is
  2. Watson and Rayner's classical conditioning of Little Albert was helpful in explaining that
  3. Punishment is most effective in extinguishing an undesired behavior when the
  4. An individual's fear of dogs that is lost as the individual is exposed to dogs in nonthreatening situations is referred to by behaviorists as
  5. Taking a painkiller to relieve a toothache is behavior learned through which of the following processes?
  6. Operant conditioning is most closely associated with:
  7. Which of the following statements is true of behaviorism?
  8. The technique of strengthening behavior by reinforcing successive approximations is called
  9. If you have a snake phobia because you once heard a loud noise while looking at a snake, for you a snake is a(n)
  10. A dog that gets rewarded for the first bark it makes in each ten minute period is being reinforced on a __________ schedule of reinforcement.
  11. Negative reinforcement __________ behavior; punishment __________ behavior.
  12. Negative reinforcement and punishment
  13. Your handsome successful boyfriend winks at you each time before he tells you "I love you." Your expectation behavior of smiling when he winks is a(an)
  14. In operant conditioning, the reinforcer occurs __________ the response, and in classical conditioning, it occurs __________.
  15. Burt had never been afraid of spiders, but at camp last summer he woke up and there was a spider on his face. Since this event, he cries in fear every time that he sees multilegged creatures. For Burt, before the incident spiders had been a _________, after the incident, spiders are a _________
  16. _________ refers to a procedure in classical conditioning where a CR no longer occurs in the presence of the CS due to the absence of the UCS.
  17. Which of the following is NOT an example of an operant behavior?
  18. You are sitting in a class when your professor holds up a large white feather. We could guess that most people would not really respond in any important way to the feather, because the feather is a (n)
  19. You see your brother come home after curfew and get grounded by your parents, in the future you come home on time. This type of learning is best explained by
  20. B.F. Skinner was a radical behaviorist who refused to
  21. Which of the following would be most likely to be the unconditioned stimulus (UCS) involved in classical conditioning?
  22. Negative and positive reinforcers are similar in that these always _________ the likeithood of ensuing responses.
  23. As a marine biologist, you are trying to teach a dolphin to jump over a bar. At first, you reward the dolphin every time it swims near the bar. Then, you only reward her when she emerges from the water near the bar. Eventually, you reward the dolphin each time she jumps out of the water. Then, you only reward the dolphin when she jumps over the bar. This technique is an example of
  24. In John Garcia's study on taste aversion towards coyotes, the goal was to create a situation in which sheep became the _________ so that coyotes would not attack them.
  25. ________ reported that watching violent behaviors makes children more likely to behave violently?
  26. An unconditioned stimulus is any stimulus that
  27. If you learned to fear electrical outlets after getting a painful shock, what would be the CS?
  28. In operant conditioning, extinction occurs by:
  29. In operant conditioning, behavioral change is brought about by the manipulation of
  30. The similarity of positive reinforcement and positive punishment is that each involves
  31. The best strategy to teach an organism a new response quickly is to use
  32. ________ is a procedure for changing behavior by reinforcing responses that approach the desired goal.
  33. A monkey is conditioned to flinch at the sound of a bell that was previously paired with a puff of air to the monkey´┐Żs cheek. Which of the following explanations would be consistent with a cognitive interpretation of this conditioning?
  34. John Garcia showed that when rats ingested a novel substance before becoming nauseated from radiation or drugs, they acquired a
  35. Correlational research on the major consequences of frequently watching violence on television states: