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Learning // AP Psychology

Correctly answer 80% ( 28 of 35 questions)

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  1. Watson and Rayner's classical conditioning of Little Albert was helpful in explaining that
  2. Spontaneous recovery refers to the
  3. An individual's fear of dogs that is lost as the individual is exposed to dogs in nonthreatening situations is referred to by behaviorists as
  4. Taking a painkiller to relieve a toothache is behavior learned through which of the following processes?
  5. In Ivan Pavlov's experiments in classical conditioning, the dog's salivation was
  6. A child has learned to avoid a furry, black cat. However, she still plays with her grandmother's short-haired tabby. Her response demonstrates
  7. Negative reinforcement __________ behavior; punishment __________ behavior.
  8. __________ occurs when making a response removes an unpleasant event
  9. Your niece has a temper tantrum in the store when she is shopping. If you buy her a toy to get her to shut up you are
  10. A puppy has begun to cry and bark in order to be let into the house. To extinguish this response, you would
  11. A corporate pay policy comparable to a fixed ratio schedule of reinforcement is
  12. After weeks of successful extinction trials, your pet dachshund suddenly resumes burying bones in the front yard. Your pet therapist advises you that the dog's behavior is an example of
  13. Robert's dog, Fuzzy, runs to Robert when he says, 'Come.' If one day, Fuzzy comes running when Robert says, 'Dumb', we might say that Fuzzy has demonstrated
  14. Negative reinforcement involves
  15. The term reinforcer refers to any condition that _________ a response.
  16. The key advantage of using a variable ratio schedule of reinforcement is that
  17. A Positive reinforcer seeks to _________ desired behavior. A negative reinforcer seeks to ________desired behavior.
  18. The operant chamber which has come to be known as a Skinner box was designed so that
  19. A telemarketer who gets paid $1 for each magazine subscriptions he sells is working according to a _________ schedule of reinforcement.variable interval
  20. A serious problem with Watson and Rayners testing with Little Albert is the danger that
  21. As a marine biologist, you are trying to teach a dolphin to jump over a bar. At first, you reward the dolphin every time it swims near the bar. Then, you only reward her when she emerges from the water near the bar. Eventually, you reward the dolphin each time she jumps out of the water. Then, you only reward the dolphin when she jumps over the bar. This technique is an example of
  22. In John Garcia's study on taste aversion towards coyotes, the goal was to create a situation in which sheep became the _________ so that coyotes would not attack them.
  23. Operant conditioning, in contrast with classical conditioning, emphasizes events (such as rewards and punishments) that occur
  24. In operant conditioning, extinction occurs by:
  25. During summer camp, campers get a sticker each time they demonstrate good sportsmanship. When they have earned 10 stickers, they may select a candy bar. This represents an example
  26. For Little Albert, his fear of _________ was interpreted as an instance of _________.
  27. Much of B.F Skinner's early work was inspired by the Law of Effect which was created by
  28. Edward L. Thorndike argued that responses that lead to satisfying outcomes are more likely to be repeated, and that responses followed by unpleasant outcomes are less likely to be repeated. This became known as the law of
  29. Which of the following statements best describes the role of biological processes in classical conditioning?
  30. Your dog has learned that it will not get a treat when it whines since you never reward the behavior anymore like you used to. Now you just ignore the whining. What behaviorist principle are you using?
  31. A two-year old child is frightened by a small dog. A few weeks later the same child sees a cat and becomes frightened. The child�s reaction is most likely an example of which of the following?
  32. A monkey is conditioned to flinch at the sound of a bell that was previously paired with a puff of air to the monkey�s cheek. Which of the following explanations would be consistent with a cognitive interpretation of this conditioning?
  33. John Garcia showed that when rats ingested a novel substance before becoming nauseated from radiation or drugs, they acquired a
  34. After seeing her parents give her brother a dollar for cleaning his room, Sarah begins cleaning her own room. According to social-learning theorists, Sarah�s behavior is an example of which of the following?
  35. Research indicates that many animals are more likely to associate sickness with a taste they experienced in conjunction with the illness than with a tone or light. This finding supports which of the following claims?