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Learning // AP Psychology

Correctly answer 80% ( 28 of 35 questions)

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  1. Chimpanzees given tokens for performing tricks were able to put the tokens in vending machines to get grapes. The tokens acted as
  2. Watson and Rayner's classical conditioning of Little Albert was helpful in explaining that
  3. Jamal got very sick after eating some mushrooms on a pizza at his friend's house. He didn't know that he had a stomach virus at the time, blamed his illness on the mushrooms, and refused to eat them again. Which of the following is the unconditioned stimulus for the taste aversion to mushrooms?
  4. Taking a painkiller to relieve a toothache is behavior learned through which of the following processes?
  5. Operant conditioning is most closely associated with:
  6. Which of the following responses as most likely acquired through classical conditioning?
  7. Because studies of learning show that events occurring close together in time are easier to associate than those occurring at widely different times, parents should probably avoid which of the following?
  8. If you have a snake phobia because you once heard a loud noise while looking at a snake, for you a snake is a(n)
  9. A student does a good job on math problems for homework, and the teacher awards a sticker. This demonstrates the use of
  10. Your niece has a temper tantrum in the store when she is shopping. If you buy her a toy to get her to shut up you are
  11. To teach a child to eat spaghetti, you would reinforce initial responses, such as holding the fork, and then increasingly closer approximations to the final response, a procedure known as
  12. Your handsome successful boyfriend winks at you each time before he tells you "I love you." Your expectation behavior of smiling when he winks is a(an)
  13. A child who occasionally gets rewarded with candy after asking her grandmother for a "treat" is being rewarded on a __________ schedule.
  14. For Pavlov, a tone is to food as __________ is to _________________
  15. In Bandura's classic Bobo doll experiment, those children that saw aggressive models
  16. _________ refers to a procedure in classical conditioning where a CR no longer occurs in the presence of the CS due to the absence of the UCS.
  17. You see your brother come home after curfew and get grounded by your parents, in the future you come home on time. This type of learning is best explained by
  18. Negative and positive reinforcers are similar in that these always _________ the likeithood of ensuing responses.
  19. A telemarketer who gets paid $1 for each magazine subscriptions he sells is working according to a _________ schedule of reinforcement.variable interval
  20. A serious problem with Watson and Rayners testing with Little Albert is the danger that
  21. As a marine biologist, you are trying to teach a dolphin to jump over a bar. At first, you reward the dolphin every time it swims near the bar. Then, you only reward her when she emerges from the water near the bar. Eventually, you reward the dolphin each time she jumps out of the water. Then, you only reward the dolphin when she jumps over the bar. This technique is an example of
  22. Merideth is an expert of wine. In a fine restaurant she orders a glass of Santa Margarita's Pino Grigio. When the wine comes out she tastes it and correctly claims that she received Mezzacorona's Pinot Grigio instead. Merideth is demonstrating
  23. The descriptors 'positive' and 'negative,' when used in reference to reinforcers, are synonyms for
  24. Operant behaviors are different from those in Classical Conditioning, because in classical conditioning the behaviors are
  25. A punisher is an aversive consequence that
  26. If you learned to fear electrical outlets after getting a painful shock, what would be the CS?
  27. The key difference between a ratio and a interval schedule of reinforcement is whether
  28. The similarity of positive reinforcement and positive punishment is that each involves
  29. Much of B.F Skinner's early work was inspired by the Law of Effect which was created by
  30. ________ is a procedure for changing behavior by reinforcing responses that approach the desired goal.
  31. Toleman found that the rats he ran through mazes had created ________ to help them find where the food was placed even when they weren't initially awarded.
  32. Which of the following statements best describes the role of biological processes in classical conditioning?
  33. "Give me a dozen healthy infants, well formed, and my own specified world to bring them up in and I'll guarantee to take any one at random and train him to be any type of specialist I might select: doctor, lawyer, artist, merchant-chief and, yes, even beggar-man and thief." This quotation is most consistent with what approach's psychological viewpoint?
  34. John Garcia showed that when rats ingested a novel substance before becoming nauseated from radiation or drugs, they acquired a
  35. After seeing her parents give her brother a dollar for cleaning his room, Sarah begins cleaning her own room. According to social-learning theorists, Sarah�s behavior is an example of which of the following?